In Proposition 114, George Peters states:
“This Kingdom, being identified with the elect Jewish nation, its establishment at the restoration embraces the supremacy of that nation over the nations of the earth.”
In this proposition, Peters move the train of thought along to its next logical conclusion. If the coming Kingdom of God is intimately connected with the restored Jewish nation, the by very definition of this coming kingdom being the Kingdom of God, this denotes the reality that the nation God has chosen as a people for Himself will have supremacy over all the nations of the earth once this future kingdom is established.
The most notable observation Peters presents in Proposition 114 is the following:
“This is abundantly confirmed by the direct teaching of the prophets. Thus Micah 4:8, “And Thou, O tower of the flock, the stronghold of the daughter of Zion, unto thee shall it come, even the first dominion, the Kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem.” The context shows that this is spoken of the same Zion and Jerusalem that was ploughed and in ruins, which are to be restored and made glorious. The same idea pervades even other expressions contained in the chapter: “But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountains of the house of the Lord shall be established in the top of the mountains and it shall be exalted above the hills,” etc. To “be established in the top of the mountains” and to be “exalted above the hills” denotes supremacy; for mountains and hills, being symbolic of kingdoms and nations, the meaning is, that the first position among the nations, an elevation above all others, is assigned to this “mountain of the house of the Lord.” That “the house of the Lord” is the Davidic house has frequently been proven, He having incorporated it in His theocratic rule, and claimed it in view of His Son and David’s Son, in one person, being destined to rule therein. What “the mountain” of this house is can be readily seen by what the Spirit says, Zech 8:3; and when God thus defined it, man can only accept of the definition.”
Peters notes an important and rather clear passage, that of Micah 4:8. The concept of mountains and hills in Scripture is a fascinating study. In the ANE, the mountains and high places were the abode of the gods. Thus, when a specific mountain or high place is mentioned in Scripture, something of both a physical and spiritual nature is in focus. This is often lost on far too many readers of Scripture. Thus, scriptures that speak of something being established in the top of the mountains are declaring that what is to be established has absolute supremacy, both physically and spiritually.
It has supremacy in the physical realm as this nation will literally be the focal point of the future Kingdom of God. It has supremacy in the spiritual realm because God, as ruler of this future nation, is THE God and supreme over all other gods. It is important to pay attention to such language as it speaks to this issue of the doctrine of the Kingdom and identifies the nation God has chosen above all others.