In Proposition 133, George Peters states:
“This view of the Kingdom is confirmed by “the Day of Judgment.”
Peters continues his investigation of this idea of Jesus being Judge by noting the doctrine of the Kingdom view he espouses obtains further support by the “Day of Judgment.” Peters posits this “day” as not needing to be an actual day. Conversely, he proposes the “Day of Judgment” begins with the establishment of the Millennial Kingdom and continues until the final judgment has been made. This period of time in his view can be ascribed as being the “Day of Judgment.”
The most notable observation Peters presents in Proposition 133 is the following:
“The Judgment Day is designated, Acts 17:31, “He hath appointed a day wherein He will judge the world in righteousness,” etc. By this is evidently meant that a fixed, determined time has been set apart, which, by way of eminence, is called “the Day of Judgement,” in which Christ shall be revealed as Judge. It is variously presented, as in Rom. 2:16; 1 Thess. 5:2; 1 Cor. 1:8, etc. It is called “a day,” which in the largeness of prophecy does not indicate an ordinary day, or even a brief period of time, but may include a long, extended time. The word is employed to denote time indefinitely, as “the day of trouble,” “the day of adversity,” “the day of prosperity,” etc. Again, it is used to designate definite periods, either short or long, as e.g. the six days of creation are called “day” Gen. 2:4; the forty years in the wilderness are named, Heb. 3:8; Ps. 95:8, “the day of temptation;” the times of the Messiah are called by the prophets “that day,” “the day of the Lord,” as Is. 24:25-26; Zech. 14, etc.; “the day of salvation,” 2 Cor. 6:2, “the day,” Heb. 3:7, 13; Ps. 118:24, etc., are admitted to embrace an entire dispensation. It is well known hat prophecy speaks of events occurring “in that day,” which the fulfillment shows occupied hundreds of years in fulfilling. Reference might be made to other passages, such as John 8:56; 1 Cor. 5:5; Deut. 33:12, etc., all showing this usage by the Spirit. Therefore, in approaching a subject like this, the student’s attention should at once be directed to the applicability of this feature to he Day of Judgment, especially since it was thus understood by the pious Jews.”
As noted in the previous post, many biblical words have a semantic range. The word day is one of those terms that can have a variety of meanings depending on context. We have this reality in the English language with the word day. We can say that “some day”, usually referring to a point in the future, we will do something. This can mean a specific day or a period of time in the future. We can also refer to a day as an actual day as in “Tomorrow, we will go to the store.”
While those English uses are pretty clear, sometimes the biblical use of the word day can be a bit tricky, especially if we are reading into the text something the text is not stating. Peters outlines a variety of passages where the word “day” can be construed as meaning something other than an actual day. As a Young Earth Creationist, I have to outright reject the idea of long ages for the creation week. There is far too much contextual evidence both in the Genesis account and elsewhere for six literal creation days to be able to affirm the Hebrew word for day (yom) meaning anything other than the typical meaning of day. Now other instances can certainly be stated to refer to periods of time with little need for argumentation or a point in the future.
I am not quite at this point based at least on this observation whether the “Day of Judgment” can be affirmed as noting a long period of time, namely a period of time that begins with the Millennial Kingdom and continues until the time of the end when all accounts are settled. It seems Peters is establishing this observation on the fact that the Messiah, in his office of being Judge, will begin this judging if you will once the Millennial Kingdom begins, thus the idea of a period of judging as being “the Day of Judgment.” I can see some validity to this idea; however, I can also see validity to the “Day of Judgment” being the settling of accounts at the time of the end with the possibility, although admittedly it is beyond my comprehension how it could take place, of the final judgment actually taking a day.
It will be interesting to see how Peters continues to unpack this idea and what biblical support he provides. I am hopeful more light will be shed on this observation. At this point, I am not necessarily convinced with his approach.