In Proposition 140, George Peters states:
“This doctrine of the Kingdom confirmed by the phraseology of the New Test. respecting “the end of the age.”
In this Proposition, Peters directs us to another phrase of importance, that of “the end of the age.” By its very meaning, the phrase “the end of the age” demonstrates this current age will end. With the end of this current age, a new age (or dispensation if you like) will be ushered in. Based on what we have discovered thus far both in the message of Scripture and in Jewish religious writings and expectations, this age following the end of the age will be when the established of the Theocratic-Davidic Kingdom takes place.
The most notable observation Peters presents in Proposition 140 is the following:
“The expressions “end of the world,” “last day,” etc., have influenced many to reject the Jewish idea of a dispensation to follow this one; and in their eagerness to make out such an age or era impracticable, they have even asserted the complete destruction of the world (some even have it annihilated, see following Prop.), and a previous withdrawal of the righteous to the third heaven, where they forever remain. In brief, the perpetuity of the earth is denied, or at least its being rendered unfit and uninhabitable for the redeemed, is declared. Now our entire argument is to come at the end of this age, then the continued existence and perpetuity of the earth must, in the very nature of the case, be also a fact. How else can the Davidic throne and Kingdom be re-established, and all the covenant promises be realized? Instead of casting ourselves upon the Covenant, and the promises derived from the Covenant, which boldly take the matter for granted, assume it as self-evident and indispensable, we shall now proceed, in order to guard our argument on all sides, to produce direct reasons given by the Spirit to indicate this very perpetuity.”
For the life of me, I cannot grasp how anyone can reconcile the clear teaching of Scripture regarding the establishment of a Kingdom on a renewed earth with the idea that the redeemed will spend eternity up in the heavenlies somewhere. Such a notion is out of bounds with what we find in Scripture. We are told the current decaying and dying universe that is currently groaning under the weight of the impact of sin will be restored once sin and death have been given their final destruction for all eternity. If anything, what we will experience will be a return to the beginning and that which was lost in the Garden as a result of sin. We are not looking forward to an eternity “floating in the clouds.” Conversely, we are looking forward to the established of the Kingdom in a shall we say more earthly sense of the word. God’s covenant promises demand such a belief and approach.